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Donald Trump (far right) says Nato members would “substantially” up their budgets

Nato allies have cast doubt on US President Donald Trump’s claim they had pledged to “substantially” raise their defence budgets, saying they simply remained committed to a 2014 deal.

Nato chief Jens Stoltenberg told US broadcaster CNN the allies had “a commitment to spend 2%” of their annual output (GDP) on defence budgets.

Members agreed four years ago they would all reach that target by 2024.

Mr Trump had hailed “tremendous progress” at Nato’s summit in Brussels.

He has previously been highly critical of the alliance, complaining the US pays more than others.

What happened in Brussels?

Exactly what took place – and what was agreed – behind closed doors at the two-day Nato summit in Brussels is not known.

What is known is that Mr Trump called for an emergency meeting on Thursday morning with his allies.

Unconfirmed reports had emerged earlier which suggested Mr Trump had threatened to go it alone if other nations did not meet the alliance’s target of 2% of their GDP by 2024, according to BBC defence correspondent Jonathan Beale.

But by the time Mr Trump held a press conference, he was hailing the summit as a success.

What Mr Trump says happened

“We made a tremendous amount of progress today,” he said. “It has been really amazing to see the level of spirit in that room.”

As a result, he seemed to suggest, it is “presently unnecessary” to consider quitting Nato.

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Media captionDonald Trump: “The United States was not being treated fairly”

He added the US commitment to Nato – which was established in 1949 with members agreeing that an attack against one would be considered an attack against them all – “remains very strong”.

Mr Trump went on to say the allies “have substantially upped their commitment”, and would pay “more quickly”.

Mr Stoltenberg, he added, gives him “total credit” for the increased spending, which he said he instigated during his first Nato meeting last year.

What other people say happened

Mr Stoltenberg said members had had a “frank and open discussion” which “created a new sense of urgency”, and that the “clear message from President Trump is having an impact”.

But French President Emmanuel Macron made it clear that no country had signed up to anything more than what was agreed four years ago.

“Everyone agreed to raise spending, in line with commitments made in 2014,” Mr Macron said, adding he was unconvinced by proposals to increase it to 4%.

He said France had a clear strategy of analysing security threats and that he could not ask his government for “tens of billions more” beyond that.

“It’s taxpayers’ money we’re talking about,” he said.

President Macron said the meetings had a different tone to Mr Trump’s early morning tweets, which had been typically critical.

Mr Macron said the conversations had been more respectful, according to Reuters.

What happened with Germany?

Mr Trump seemed to single out Germany for criticism over its defence spending.

He has also accused the country of being held prisoner to imported Russian energy, saying it is “totally controlled” by Moscow.

Some reports suggest he also shocked other leaders in the room when he turned to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and referred to her by her first name.

“Angela, you need to do something about this,” he said, leading to officials and leaders of the non-Nato attendees, Afghanistan and Georgia, being ushered out the room, according to news agency Reuters.

What else was Nato talking about?

The Nato leaders also turned their attention to the conflict in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani was present for the second day of talks, and Mr Stoltenberg hopes the bloc will agree to fund Afghan security forces until 2024.

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